Periodontics

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Parodontie

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Periodontics

From a young age, we learn that it is important to take care of our teeth to protect them the bacteria that cause cavities. While this is an important priority, it is just as important to prioritize the health of your gums and other tissues that keep your teeth in your jaw i.e. the periodontium. These structures are susceptible to diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, a deep infection that can damage the dental foundation.

The periodontium is a complex structure essential to the maintenance of the teeth

Periodontics is a discipline of dentistry practiced by the dentists at the GK Dental Centre in Brossard. It focuses on the periodontium, which is the set of tissues that firmly hold the teeth where they belong. The most well-known of these tissues is the gums. This soft, pink tissue covers the roots of the teeth and is the only visible part of the periodontium. There is also the ligament (which acts as a link between the tooth roots and the alveolar bone), the cementum (which adheres the ligament to the surface of the roots) and the alveolar bone (in which the teeth are rooted).

Le parodonte : une structure complexe essentielle au maintien des dents

Two
common periodontal diseases

Like the teeth, periodontal tissues are subject to bacteria that can cause diseases :

Gingivitis

This inflammation of the gums is characterized by mild redness and swelling and minor bleeding during the dental hygiene routine. If detected early, gingivitis can be treated by professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar build-up at the base of the teeth. Good dental hygiene is also important.

Periodontitis

This deep infection develops when gingivitis gets worse. At this point, the bacteria attack other periodontal tissues, and even degrade the alveolar bone in severe cases. Periodontitis can cause frequent bleeding of the gums, gum recession, unstable teeth and chronic bad breath. Surgery is often required to treat it.

Trois moyens de prendre soin des gencives et des tissus parodontaux

Three ways to take care of your gums and periodontal tissue

  • Prevention
    To prevent gum infections, you must first get rid of the bacteria that cause them. This includes having a proper oral hygiene routine (brushing your teeth after meals and flossing daily) and eating a diet low in sugary foods and drinks.
  • Minor professional care
    If your dentist observes inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), you will first be offered a thorough cleaning to remove tartar, which is a source of harmful bacteria. Antibiotic treatment may also be prescribed to help control the infection and prevent it from spreading.
  • Gingival curettage
    In the case of a deep infection (periodontitis), your dentist may perform a gingival curettage, a procedure to clean the space between the teeth and the gums. A closed curettage (root planing) is usually sufficient, but sometimes an open curettage or even reconstructive surgery may be necessary.

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To book an appointment for your routine check-up, for a specific treatment or for an emergency consultation, call us at 450-445-5445 or fill out the online form. We will contact you to suggest a time based on the nature of your request and your needs.